D. Green & Son in 1880

Flour mill and tile factory

This description of the flour mill at Dayton comes from the1880 Manufacturing Schedule for Dayton, La Salle County, Illinois

The Manufacturing census schedules in 1820, 1850, and 1860 provided the following information for each farm:

  • Name of the manufacturer
  • Type of business or product
  • Amount of capital invested
  • Quantities, kinds, and value of raw materials used
  • Quantities and value of product produced annually
  • Kind of power or machinery used
  • Number of men and women employed
  • Average monthly cost of male and female labor

The amount of detail reported in these schedules increased in 1870 and again in 1880. In 1880, supplemental schedules were also used for specific industries, such as boot and shoemaking, lumber and saw mills, and flour and grist mills.

Exclusions: Small manufacturing operations that produced less than $500 worth of goods were not included on any of the schedules.

D. Green & Son

Flour Mill

Capital invested in business         $10,000

2 employees, both males over 16

Greatest number of hands employed at any one time in the year – 2

Number of hours in the ordinary day of labor May-Nov – 10, Nov-May – 10

daily wage for skilled mechanic – $2.50

daily wage for ordinary laborer – $1.00

Total wages paid for the year – $110

In operation ½ time only – 6 months

Idle – 6 Months

Number of runs of stone – 4

Estimated maximum capacity per day in bushels – 550

Do you do custom work or make only for a market? If the former, what proportion of your product is custom grinding? 4/5

Is there an elevator connected with your establishment? No.

If water power is used:

On what river or stream? Fox River, flows to Illinois

Height of fall in feet – 18

——–Wheels———————

Number – 5

Breadth in feet – 4

Revolutions / minute [Blank]

Horsepower – 150

—————-Materials————————-

Number of bushels of wheat – 400

Value – $480

Number of bushels of other grain – 1500

Value – $600

Value of mill supplies – $20

Total value of all materials – $1100.

———————Products—————————-

Number of barrels of wheat flour – 80

Number of barrels of rye flour – None

Number of Barrels of buckwheat flour – 500

Number of pounds of barley meal – None

Number of pounds of corn meal – 1000

Number of pounds of feed – 6000

Number of pounds of hominy – None

Value of all other products – [Blank]

Total value of all products – $1500

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